Orientalism - The 19th Century Sneak-Peek into the "Eastern" Cultures

The term Orientalism confused me at first, due to my ignorance which led me to believe that Orientalism could only refer to art from the Far East. I then discovered that the Europeans of the 19th century considered Middle-Eastern and some African cultures to be Oriental, because in fact, the word orient refers to the places of or things from the East.